Greek architecture bloomed as Greece started to gain wealth from the constant oversea trading and colonizing (namely Sicily and Italy). Greek polis erected architecture, among all other art forms, to differentiate and demonstrate wealth.
Greek architecture is about proportion, harmony, and craftsmanship. As designers sought mathematic calculations to decide the order and logic of the architectural elements to make sure the architecture was visually pleasing and proportionate.
Many of the finest Greek architecture are at their temples and public buildings. Another essential trait of greek architecture is the orders, which are, as argued by some scholars, enabled by the Greek’s adoption of marble and limestones as the primary material for their architecture. Three out of five classical orders were established during this time, while the other two were heavily influenced by the Greeks as well.